In a seperate design study, Camm had devised a pair of wing leading egde mounted radiators to replace the cumbersome chin radiators of the Typhoon. Similair in design to those used on the Mosquito, these radiators were estimated to reduce drag by nearly two-thirds.
The work on the Tempest I was delayed by problems with manufacture of the wing radiator. But it eventually flew on 24 February 1943, piloted by the Joint Chief Test Pilot P.G. Lucas. It perfomed well and only minor problems such a poor elevator control at low speed and slow throttle reaction were noted. It was an exceptionally clean design and its maximum speed was soon established as a promising 466 mph at 24,500 feet.
Unfortunately, there still remained much development to be done on the Sabre IV engine and this, plus Air Staff distrust of the wing radiators, which were thought to be prone to battle damage, led to abandoment of the Tempest I in favour of the less spectacular but more certain progress of the Tempest V. It was retained for development work by Hawker and was eventually scrapped in 1946.
Height (tail down):
Time to height:
302 sq ft
466 mph at 24,500ft
4.25 mins to 15,000ft
Napier Sabre Mk IV
4-blade 14ft 0in
Hawker Tempest (4+ Publication)
Typhoon/Tempest in action (Squadron/Signal Publications No 102)
This page was last updated 29 November 2011